Ffmpeg x265 10bit

While developed as a replacement for H. Despite these downfalls, HEVC does compress much better in higher crf lower bitrate and has been a really good codec to use since Most modern devices support hardware decoding iOS, Android, laptops, Macs, etc.

HEVC does have a slight advantage in terms of parallel encoding efficiency, though they are both just as slow when encoding compared to x Unfortunately the reference encoder libaom is in a very early stage and takes forever to encode.

It performs not as well as libaombut quality is still better than x SSIMand encode times are way more reasonable.

For now, they look promising, and I am excited to see results in a few years. HEVC took years before it was more widely accepted by Anime encoders, and took 5 years until before I began experimenting with it. AV1 began major development in mid so by that logic we got more years to go. Handbrake is a great tool for beginners. It allows reading Blu-ray disks unencryptedand has a pretty UI to deal with.

ffmpeg x265 profile Main10

Hopefully bit pipeline will be supported once HDR becomes common. Guides on how to do this are easily found. To keep things short and not get into technical details: use the bit encoder Main 10 profile. Why not just use bit then you say?

It is much less supported, and from my tests back in the bit encoder is actually worse than the bit encoder at high crf due to less resources put into developing it. First, one must understand x is fundamentally different than x In x, the slower the preset, the bigger the file size is at the same crf. While counter intuitive at first, this is due to the more complex algorithms used to more precisely estimate motion and preserve details.

The move from fast to medium to slow each reduces bad noise and artifacts, though I do have to admit going any slower I could not observe any significant improvements x 3.

Now to answer the questions which preset to use. In my mind, there are only 3 presets worth using: fastslowand veryslow. It is barely any slower than the others while offering slightly better quality.

It does, however, have its place, especially with the recent changes in v3. The only downside to veryslow is its encoding speed which is a gazillion times slower than slow and requires a supercomputer. At lower crf values you barely get any improvements and thus could be ignored. Presets vs. SSIM at 4K source :. Bonus conversation: Due to x being much less complex, presets can pretty much maintain only a slight loss in quality as you encode faster.

This gives an illusion that slower presets are slower due to spending more time compressing. The more correct way to see this is that slower presets are slower due to doing more motion calculations and finding the best scheme that best describes the frame, which in x just so happens benefits compression too. However, x is waaay more complex with motion algorithms, meaning that accurately describing motion actually increases bitrate. For mainstream systems, just let x handle it automatically.

For more advanced encoders that may have beefier CPUs, or even servers, this section may interest you. Beyond that x will not scale linearly.

The more threads you add into a pool, the more encode overhead you will experience, since every row of encode requires the upper right CTU block to complete before it can proceed. When the upper right block is more complex and slows down, the next row has to wait. Learn more about frame threading. Earlier we determined the theoretical limit of p is about 16 threads. While at first glance an 8 core CPU should be the limit, remember that x favors real cores over threads.There is currently a serious lack of data on compressing 4K HDR videos out there, so I took it upon myself to get learned in the ways of the x encoding world.

This is simply for videos using the BT. Please read the new article for saving HDR. I have historically been using the older x mp4s for my videos, as it just works on everything. However most devices finally have some native h. As a heads up h. I mainly use Handbrake now use ffmpeg because I learned Handbrake only has a 8-bit internal pipeline.

ffmpeg x265 10bit

It states that for 4K videos with x they suggest a Constant Rate Factor CRF encoding in the range of the larger the number the lower the quality. Through some experimentation I found that I personally never can really see a difference between anything lower than 22 using a Slow present.

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Therefore I played it safe, bump it down a notch and just encode all of my stuff with x bit at CRF of 20 on Slow preset. That way I know I should never be disappointed. Then I recently read YouTubes suggest guidelines for bitrates.

But when I looked at the videos I was enjoying just fine at CRF 22, they were mostly coming out with less than a 10Mbps bitrate. So I had to ask myself:. To find out I would need a lot of comparable data. I started with a 4K HDR example video.

Anime Encoding Guide for x265 (HEVC) & AAC/OPUS (and Why to Never Use FLAC)

First thing I did was to chop out a minute segment and promptly remove the HDR. Thus comparing the two encoders via their default 8-bit compressors. Then I ran multiple two pass ABR runs using ffmpeg for both x and x using the same target bitrate. Put simply, the closer the result is to 1 the better.

It means there is less differences between the original and the compressed one. The SSIM result is done frame by frame, so we have to average them all together to see which is best overall. On the section of video I chose, x needed considerably more bitrate to achieve the same score.

Here we can see x has a much harder time at lower bitrates. Also note that the highest marker on this chart is 0. This information alone confirmed for me that I will only be using x or newer encodings maybe AV1 in for storing videos going forward. CRF is the best of both worlds. And bitrate directly correlates to file size. But that is all hypothetical. We have some hard date, lets use it.

how to encode 10bit

So where does that show up on our chart? Now this is an apples to oranges comparison. The CRF videos were done via Handbrake using x bit, whereas everything else was done via ffmpeg using x or x 8-bit. Still, we get a good idea of where these show up.VideoHelp Forum. Remember Me? Download free trial! Results 1 to 12 of What kind of virtualdub you have? Never tried x 10bit.

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VirtualDub 1. Originally Posted by shekh. If I remember correctly, vanilla VirtualDub cannot output 8 bit rgb either, it forced yuv, limited range.

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So completely pointless to encode with anything 10 bit. It can avoid banding even with such 8 bit YUV input.

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Of course OP didn't say anything about why he wants to encode 10 bit so we don't know if it makes sense. Originally Posted by sneaker.

Originally Posted by lilycarolyn. I'm not sure about the ffmpeg command-line. I don't think the ones from Zeranoe are. Last edited by sneaker; 6th Jun at Last edited by lilycarolyn; 6th Jun at We can't omit the 10le part because that would be just 8 bit.

You'd still need a suitable ffmpeg binary, though. Similar Threads Is x ready for Primetime. Migrating From x to x By RazorBurn in forum Video Conversion. Replies: 83 Last Post: 31st Jan How do I convert p 10bit mkv's to p 10bit?So I was trying to create some bit test HEVC content with ffmpeg and ran into the following error:. I discovered that by default - most ffmpeg builds include only 8-bit support for HEVC encoding with libx Here are the exact steps I did to build both ffmpeg and libx with Visual Studio on Windows.

Some of the steps will also detail some of the errors I ran into along the way - in case someone else runs into trouble, hopefully then it will show how to overcome any future hurdles. Note: This guide will only build the bit versions, but you should be able to adjust for bit. This is done so msys2 can use your existing PATH environment variable.

ffmpeg x265 10bit

When the msys2 shell opens - use pacman to install the following:. Run the command:. Find the directory that matches the VC compiler you want to use. Using a text editor, open make-solutions. Change the generator command to match the version of VS you want to use. This step is no longer required.

Open the x This should be done for the clicommonand encoder projects. Add the x You should see an error something like:. The x build from above created a static lib named xstatic. Toggle navigation Greg Wessels. Home Projects About. Build ffmpeg with bit x support for encoding on Windows 27 October By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service.

Ask Ubuntu is a question and answer site for Ubuntu users and developers. It only takes a minute to sign up. FFmpeg is now supporting bit and bit encoding for x, But I couldn't find the proper command line options for encode them in those bit depths. If you have an appropriately configured modern version of FFmpeg and x, the repository FFmpeg under Zesty Zapus Here you will see that my own copy has capabilities for 8 10 12 bit encoding.

An installation of FFmpeg compiled against this version of x can produce a decent 8bit encode with the following command:.

ffmpeg x265 10bit

Here you will see that my own copy has capabilities for 10 bit encoding. An installation of FFmpeg compiled against this version of x can produce a decent 10bit encode with the following command:. Here you will see that my own copy has capabilities for 12bit encoding. An installation of FFmpeg compiled against this version of x can produce a decent 12bit encode with the following command:.

Once again experimentation with some of the ancillary parameters should give you exactly the results you are after FFmpeg and H. Ubuntu Community Ask!

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Sign up to join this community. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. Ask Question. Asked 3 years, 4 months ago. Active 2 years, 1 month ago. Viewed 25k times. Can someone specify that options? Danial Behzadi Danial Behzadi 2 2 gold badges 12 12 silver badges 27 27 bronze badges. Active Oldest Votes. I illustrate a sample command line for each below: 1. An installation of FFmpeg compiled against this version of x can produce a decent 8bit encode with the following command: ffmpeg -i input.

ffmpeg x265 10bit

An installation of FFmpeg compiled against this version of x can produce a decent 10bit encode with the following command: ffmpeg -i input. An installation of FFmpeg compiled against this version of x can produce a decent 12bit encode with the following command: ffmpeg -i input. Zesty Zapus Mulvya That is great!

DanialBehzadi Great to hear! What about 8 and 12 bit? I have not tested on Zesty with defaults Sign up or log in Sign up using Google. Sign up using Facebook. Sign up using Email and Password. Post as a guest Name.

Email Required, but never shown. The Overflow Blog.These gains will be most pronounced at resolutions of p and higher. The Compilation Guides show you how to do that. You can also download a static buildall of which bundle libx In this guide we are going to focus on CRF and Two-Pass encoding, as 1-pass target bitrate encoding is not recommended. Use this mode if you want to retain good visual quality and don't care about the exact bitrate or filesize of the encoded file. The mode works exactly the same as in x, so please read the H.

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This method is generally used if you are targeting a specific output file size and output quality from frame to frame is of less importance.

This is best explained with an example. Your video is 10 minutes seconds long and an output of MiB is desired. You can also forgo the bitrate calculation if you already know what final average bitrate you need.

As with CRF, choose the slowest -preset you can tolerate, and optionally apply a -tune setting. Note that when using faster presets with the same target bitrate, the resulting quality will be lower and vice-versa. Keep in mind that fine-tuning any of the options is generally not necessary, unless you absolutely know what you need to change. You can verify lossless encoding by looking for x [info]: lossless compression ratio in the console output from your encoding command, or refer to the hash demuxer for verification.

Use the -g 1 option for FFmpeg 4. Profiles can be set via the -profile:v option, similar to libx Powered by Trac 1. Last modified 8 weeks ago Last modified on Aug 17,PM. Download in other formats: Plain Text.By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service.

Super User is a question and answer site for computer enthusiasts and power users. It only takes a minute to sign up. My laptop can't handle 10bit H. How do I do this using, say, ffmpeg, with the least quality loss? And how can I convert bit H. The example uses -crf 18 which will likely appear visually lossless. If you want true lossless mode then then use -crf 0but note this can create large files.

See FFmpeg Wiki: H. Uses the format filter to choose the yuvp pixel format to create 8-bit output. Adjust the -crf value to provide the desired level of quality. Default is -crf Handbrake can handle most anything. The release notes mention bit support. The UI has all the options. I suggest you start there and get familiar with it. See quick start guide. There is also a CLI that can be downloaded here. And the guide that has all the options laid out.

Sign up to join this community. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. How do I convert bit H.